The longitudinal COPSY study investigates the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of children and adolescents in Germany. The study is led by Prof. Dr. Ravens-Sieberer and conducted by the research unit Child Public Health at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf. A further aim of the COPSY study is to identify factors that promote the mental health of children and adolescents during the crisis. Based on this, recommendations for prevention and intervention approaches will be developed, in order to promote the mental health of children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The COPSY study was developed based on the design and methods of the representative longitudinal BELLA Study. The BELLA Study is the mental health module of the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey among Children and Adolescents (KiGGS), and it is conducted in close cooperation with the Robert Koch Institute since 2003. The large and solid data sets of the BELLA study are used as reference data (gathered prior to the pandemic) in comparison to data of the COPSY study (gathered during the pandemic).
In the nationwide COPSY study, an extensive online survey on the mental health of children and adolescents and their families in Germany was conducted from May to June 2020. The resulting representative sample of the nationwide COPSY study consists of more than 1,000 11- to 17-year-old children and adolescents, and 1,500 parents of 7- to 17-year-olds. The online questionnaire included questions about how children dealt with the crisis situation, questions about school, friends and family, mental health problems such as anxiety and depression, and psychosomatic complaints. Family environment, media consumption and eating habits were also examined. From December 2020 till January 2021 the first follow-up assessment of the COPSY study and from September till October 2021 a second follow-up assessment have been conducted. Reports on the COPSY study and its results have been published in the media and in the scientific literature (please see COPSY IN THE PRESS AND MEDIA below).
In parallel to the nationwide survey, the COPSY Hamburg study additionally investigated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of children and adolescents in Hamburg, and is conducted in cooperation with the Office of Labour, Social and Family Affairs and Inclusion Hamburg. The population-based sample from Hamburg is comprised of about 1,500 11- to 17-year-old children and adolescents and their parents.
The COPSY study is carried out in scientific cooperation with Prof. Dr. Klaus Hurrelmann from the Hertie School in Berlin, the Robert Koch Institute, the Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA) and the Hamburg Ministry of Health and Consumer Protection. Further, the nationwide study is conducted in collaboration with infratest dimap.
Contact: Prof. Dr. Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
The longitudinal COPSY study is generously sponsored by the Kroschke Children's Foundation and the Fritz and Hildegard Berg Foundation.
(by clicking on the respective doi you will be directed to the corresponding publication; selected internationally published articles and articles written in German with English abstracts are provided, the complete publication list can be found below)
The design, methodology, and important results about the mental health and quality of life of the COPSY study are described in the following core articles:
COPSY Wave 1 (May-June 2020)
- Ravens-Sieberer, U., Kaman, A., Erhart, M., Devine, J., Schlack, R., & Otto, C. (2021). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on quality of life and mental health in children and adolescents in Germany. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-021-01726-5
- Ravens-Sieberer, U., Kaman, A., Otto, C., Adedeji, A., Devine, J., Erhart, M., Napp, A.-K., Becker, M., Blanck-Stellmacher, U., Löffler, C., Schlack, R. & Hurrelmann, K. (2020).Psychische Gesundheit und Lebensqualität von Kindern und Jugendlichen während der COVID-19-Pandemie – Ergebnisse der COPSY-Studie [Mental health and quality of life in children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic—results of the COPSY study]. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, 117(48), 828-829. https://doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.2020.0828
- Ravens-Sieberer, U., Kaman, A., Otto, C., Adedeji, A., Napp, A.-K., Becker, M., Blanck-Stellmacher, U., Löffler, C., Schlack, R., Hölling, H., Devine, J., Erhart, M. & Hurrelmann, K. (2021). Seelische Gesundheit und psychische Belastungen von Kindern und Jugendlichen in der ersten Welle der COVID-19-Pandemie – Ergebnisse der COPSY-Studie. Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-021-03291-3
COPSY Wave 2 (December 2020-January 2021)
- Ravens-Sieberer, U., Kaman, A., Erhart, M., Otto, C., Devine, J., Löffler, C., Hurrelmann, K., Bullinger, M., Barkman, C., Siegel, N.A., Simon, A.M., Wieler, L.H., Schlack, R. &. Hölling, H. (2021). Quality of life and mental health in children and adolescents during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic: results of a two-wave nationwide population-based study. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-021-01889-1
- Güzelsoy, N., Ravens-Sieberer, U., Westenhöfer, J., Devine, J., Erhart, M., Hölling, H. & Kaman, A. (2022) Risks and Resources for Depressive Symptoms and Anxiety in Children and Adolescents During the COVID-19 Pandemic – Results of the Longitudinal COPSY Study. Front. Psychiatry 13:901783. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2022.901783
COPSY Wave 3 (September-October 2021)
- Ravens-Sieberer, U., Erhart, M.,Devine, J., Gilbert, M., Reiss, F., Barkmann, C., Siegel, N., Simon, A., Hurrelmann, K., Schlack, R., Hölling, H., Wieler, L.H. & Kaman, A. (2022). Child and Adolescent Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Results of the Three-Wave Longitudinal COPSY Study. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4024489
- Ravens-Sieberer U, Kaman A, Devine J, Löffler C, Reiß F, Napp AK, Gilbert M, Naderi H, Hurrelmann K, Schlack R, Hölling H, Erhart M. (2022). The mental health and health-related behavior of children and parents during the COVID-19 pandemic: findings of the longitudinal COPSY study. Dtsch Arztebl Int; 119. https://doi.org//10.3238/arztebl.m2022.0173
Results of the COPSY Hamburg study are described in the following article:
- Kaman, A., Otto, C., Adedeji, A., Devine, J., Erhart, M., Napp, A.-K., Becker, M., Blanck-Stellmacher, U., Fertmann, R., Saier, U., & Ravens-Sieberer, U. (2021). Belastungserleben und psychische Auffälligkeiten von Kindern und Jugendlichen in Hamburg während der COVID-19-Pandemie. [Burden and mental health problems of children and adolescents in Hamburg during the COVID-19 pandemic]. Nervenheilkunde, 40(05), 319-326. https://doi.org/10.1055/a-1397-5400
In our reference list you can find all publications resulting from the COPSY study. Reference list
COPSY IN THE PRESS AND MEDIA
Press Release August 18th 2023
In a press release, the consequences of the pandemic-related school closures in Germany were reported on August 18, 2023. Press release (Aug, 18th 2023)
Press Release February 9th 2022
In a press release, the results of the third survey wave of the COPSY study were reported on February 9, 2022. Press release (Feb, 09th 2022)
Reactions in the German and International Media and Press
- DER SPIEGEL: "Wie Schulschließungen die Psyche belastet haben" (Aug, 18 2023)
- ZEIT ONLINE: "So schlimm ist Long Covid bei Kindern" (July, 20 2021)
- Tagesschau: "Studie zu Lockdown-Auswirkungen Fast jedes dritte Kind psychisch auffällig" (Feb, 10 2021)
- ZEIT ONLINE: "Den Kindern geht es schlechter" (Feb, 10 2021)
- Spiegel online: "Fast jedes dritte Kind zeigt psychische Auffälligkeiten während der Coronakrise" (Feb, 10 2021)
- Süddeutsche Zeitung: "Fast jedes dritte Kind psychisch auffällig während Pandemie" (Feb, 10 2021)
- WELT: "Neue Studien zeigen das Lockdown-Leid der Kinder auf" (Feb, 10 2021)
- ZEIT ONLINE: "Copsy-Studie: Fast jedes dritte Kind in der Pandemie psychisch auffällig" (Feb, 10 2021)
Press Conference February 10th 2021
In a press conference, Prof. Dr. Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer reported results of the second wave of the COPSY study at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf on February 10, 2021. Press release (Feb 10, 2021) Recording of the press conference (Feb 10, 2021)
Press Conference July 10th 2020
In a press conference on July 10, 2020, at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Prof. Dr. Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer reported on results of the COPSY study. Press release (July 10, 2020)
Reactions in the German Media and Press
- Süddeutsche Zeitung: "Pandemie und Psyche" (July 10, 2020)
- Focus: "'Die meisten fühlen sich belastet' Hamburger Studie zeigt: Jedes zweite Kind leidet psychisch unter Corona-Kontaktverbot" (July 10, 2020)
- Süddeutsche Zeitung: "Studie untersucht Folgen der Corona-Krise auf Kinder-Psyche" (May 29, 2020)
Press Release May 29th 2020
The Child Public Health Research Section began a new study on the effects and consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of children and adolescents in Germany. The COPSY study is led by Prof. Dr. Ravens-Sieberer and conducted by the Child Public Health Research Section at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf. Press release (May 29, 2020)
INTERESTING FURTHER INFORMATION
Information from the World Health Organization on COVID and children: Are the symptoms of COVID-19 different in children? Do the new variants impact children differently? What can parents do to keep children safe from COVID-19? WHO's conversations in science with Dr Maria Van Kerkhove