At the beginning of the 1970s, psychological topics were increasingly introduced into medicine. Relationships between psychological and somatic conditions were discussed, traditional medical definitions of diseases were debated and social and psychological origins of mental health problems were receiving increased attention. In 1970, psychosocial topics were included in the medical training regulation for the approbation of physicians.
Prof. Arthur Jores (1901-1982), who was the director of the Department of Internal Medicine at the UKE, was a strong supporter for establishing the Department of Medical Psychology. From 1957, Prof. Margit von Kerekjarto became the director of the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and was appointed to be the director of the newly established Department of Psychology. She received professorship for medical psychology in 1975, which she held until her retirement in 1990.