Ubiquitylation-controlled Arc/Arg3.1 translation and protein turnover in synaptic plasticity and memory consolidation
Enduring forms of synaptic plasticity and long-term memory are dependent on gene transcription and protein synthesis. A specific example can be seen in the expression of Arc/Arg3.1 which is essential for the consolidation of synaptic plasticity and memories. Upon plasticity-producing stimulation Arc/Arg3.1 mRNA is induced and targeted to dendrites. Within dendrites Zinki, an mRNA binding protein that acts as a repressor of Arc/Arg3.1 translation, becomes degraded via the ubiquitin/proteasome system. Besides activity-dependent relief of translational repression, Arc/Arg3.1 protein has a short halflife, suggesting additional regulation of Arc/Arg3.1 by protein turnover. We will ask the following questions: i) how translational control of Arc/Arg3.1 mRNA is exerted by the dendritic mRNA binding protein Zinki, ii) determine how activity-dependent ubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation of Zinki might contribute to synaptic input specificity, iii) define the molecular pathways that control Arc/Arg3.1 protein turnover and iv) ask what functional consequence these bear on AMPA receptor trafficking, homeostasis, plasticity, and memory.
Prof. Dr. Dietmar Kuhl
Institute of Molecular and Cellular Cognition (IMCC)
Center for Molecular Neurobiology (ZMNH)
University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE)
Tel.: +49 40 7410 56277
FAX: +49 40 7410 55101